Itinerary Festivals & Rituals


The Child’s feast of the year.
Tribute to Nuciddi.

Carnival Street Food.
Ruttura du pignattuni.

The tables of St. Joseph .
The Good Friday procession: “The hooded fraternities”.
The Lord of the bands.
In all municipalities
Easter processions.

The feast of St Philip.
Piazza Armerina
The festival “zazza veccia”.
La kubaita.
Festival of grain.

Our Lady of the Visitation.
Feast of the mountain.
Gagliano Castelferrato
Procession of the “alloro”.
Feast of San Lorenzo.
The race of the Palio.
The feast of mutton .
Piazza Armerina
The prize of Norman.

Feast of the “Buonriposo”.
The holiday camp.
The festival of peach.

The “San Martino” Feast: the Osteria in the square.
Festival “Cassatella” and streets of flavors to Agira.
Feast of the Olive and Olive Oil.
The festival’s “cuccìa”.
Festival “nuvere”.
Procession “U pagghiarolu”.
CalascibettaNicosia, Centuripe, Agira, 
Live nativity.

Itinerary History & Myth

The History

The fascinating interweaving of history, legend and myth defines the contours of the beginning of human settlements in rural Enna. The story goes, that Sicani , industrious men, founded 1300 years before the birth of Christ, the city of Henna, and Morgantina Aidone. The other cities today part of the province, were founded by the Sicilians have appeared later. Later all the communities, despite the strong nationalistic spirit, were colonized by Greeks, Arabs, Normans, the Lombards, the Swabians, Angevins and the Spaniards. A succession of rulers, the mixing of peoples, languages, cultures and religions that over time becomes a cultural heritage of great prestige, despite the suffering of populations. Few rebellions, famine and many diseases that periodically decimated the population. It comes from here, especially favored by the Normans the cry of the different local patron saints. There was a swarm of Saints in the name of which developed real acts of urban guerrilla warfare (G. Verga “War of the Saints”).

The Holy Week is an expression of the most vaunted religiosity of the people Enna, formally the Passover rituals are based on those Spaniards but in fact they differ in the rush and fervor linked to traditional folk culture of the place .

The Myth

The first humans arrived in the province of Enna were, probably Trojans, and here they founded villages, built roads and built temples to their gods. Working the land and hunting, became powerful and wanted to dedicate the fortress of the highest “Mountains of the wool” (the Erei) Ceres , a pledge of the harvest goddess honored by all the people of Sicily. Around the first of the legends of demigods were born, of strange beings half human and half animal, of nymphs and giants. The credulity of the people and the imagination of poets and writers tied to every corner, every rock, every stone and a source of myth. The interior becomes a place of myth and legend and intoxicates with its mysteries and travelers great thinkers of the past: Cicero, Goethe and Stendal, and many others. But the myth par excellence is the “Rape of Proserpine,” daughter of Ceres and Jupiter, happened to Enna for by Pluto, god of the underworld, who wide the waters of Lake Pergusa loading it impulsively kidnaps the girl in the chariot drawn by four horses blacks. Ceres desperately seeking her daughter causing famines and droughts, flash floods and cataclysms, upsetting the ecosystem. A compromise solves the problem: Jupiter, questioned by the goddess Persephone states that six months living with his mother on earth and six months with her husband, Hades. From the myth of the birth of the seasons.

Castles route

Enna, Lombardia castle

Is one of the most important and mazy castles of Sicily. This castle has particularly ancient origins and it is considered one of the most beautiful Sicilian fortresses. It is believed that the castle was the residence of the Sican King.The manor was restored by the Svevian Family, adapted to the needs of King Federico D’Aragona and then abandoned by the Borbone family, which opted for the 18th century’s villas, instead of castle’s austerities (28 thousand square meters wide, with 20 towers built by Normans, at the present time, only 4 towers have remained, one of them, the “Pisana Tower”, was once named by the Arabic “eagles’s tower”).

Enna, Federico’s tower

Built on patronage of Frederick II of Aragon between 1300 and 1306. Consists of a single large room with an octagonal plan. The wall structure is interrupted by stone carved door and three large stone jambs also. The entire architecture conforms to the style of the Sicilian ‘300.

Piazza Armerina, Aragonese castle

(dates from the XIV century). It is massive and it is in good conditions thanks to the various works of reconstructions made to transform it into a prison.

Aidone, Gresti o Pietratagliata castle

Is situated between Aidone and Valguarnera and it was built in the X century inside a marvellous rock. It remains only a “mozzicone” (a wrecked tower).

Pietraperzia, Barresi caste

Also known as “Barresi Castle” is the fruit of the Islamic workers and it was donated to the Barresi family by Federico II. For some centuries it has been used as a prison. Nowadays all the rooms can be visited.

Centuripe, Corradino castle

Was built in the II century and it is a fortress of the Roman Age used by Corrado Capace to defend the town of Centuripe from Svevian.

Leonforte, “U Castiddazzu”

Also called “U Castiddazzu” was used to defend the town from Svevian as well.

Naturalistic itinerary

Pergusina’s forest

Distance 10 km. This area covers 135 hectares of woodland with plant pine, eucalyptus, cypress, ash, elm and maple trees. Inside, in special enclosures, houses species such as deer and porcupine. It also dominates the mythical Lake Pergusa. From it, climbing along a natural staircase built by nature, you can access the prehistoric caves.

Lakes and dams

The province of Enna is rich in lakes therefore a destination for fishermen and water skiing enthusiasts. These lakes are: Pozzillo Lake, ANCIP and the flooded artificial Sciagnano of Villarosa, as well as the dams Nicoletti and Olivo. Linked to the legendary “Rape of Proserpine,” Lake Pergusa – Distance 10 km – is inspired by its beauty to poets of antiquity. Without emissaries and tributaries, this lake receives water only from run-off rain. When this happens a marvelous biological phenomena occurs as water flushes in and has been called “lake of blood” due to “reddish” tint. This is an important stopover site for wintering and migrating birds. The Lake is comfortably equipped with sports facilities.

Park Ronza

Neighboring the Bed and Breakfast. This Park is managed by the Forestry Corps. From 1950 it was the property of the Restivo family, recently it has became a privileged destination of naturalists. The walks in the woods of eucalyptus and broadleaf one can easily encounter a deer, wild boar and various species of birds. Close to the park you can admire the incredible anthropomorphic stones known as “enchanted stones, a kind of “magic circle” that the popular imagination has given it a curse that features a Sabbath dance. Other areas of natural interest are the woods of Rossomanno and the Querceta of Calascibetta.

Excursions in the hinterland
  • Pietratagliata Castle
  • Rossomanno- Grottascura- Bellia and Pietre Incantate
  • Mineral park Floristella– Grottacalda
  • “Sacred way”, Lombardia Castle and eno-gastronomic exploration
  • Fundrò and the Via dei Mulini
  • Old mines and mountain railways. Assoro
  • Montagna di Marzo and Lago Olivo
  • Monte Capodarso and valle dell’Imera meridionale
  • Visit to Calascibetta known for Necropolis of Realmese and the Byzantine village.


Archaeological route

Villa Romana del Casale – Piazza Armerina

Distance: 8 Km. This ancient Villa represents the most important archeological ruins of Roman Sicily. The excavations, which began in 1929, have brought to light a pompous patrician villa built between the end of the third and early fourth century AD, extended on three levels an area of 3500 square meters, consisting of over 40 spaces artistically paved with polychrome mosaics. La Villa, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, demonstrates the use of the country as a center of power and foundation of the rural economy of the West during the Roman period.

Excavations of Morgantina – Aidone

Distance 4 km Aidone. The ancient city of Morgantina, located in the mountains Erei, represents an historic event of great interest. The remains – excavated from the post-war initiative of archaeologists funded by Swedish King Gustav, and then the archaeological mission directed by Princeton professors. Siokwist and Allen – define the image of a community that knew how mature a significant relationship fusion of Sicilian culture and Greek colonization.

To “relive” Morgantina one is encouraged to visit the archaeological museum of Aidone, where you can read an organic findings of the functional city. Entering Morgantina along the old national road encounters on the right, public buildings: the Recca, the Gimnasium, the Bouleuterion, the Agora, the macellum, the ekklesiasterion, theater, dedicated to Dionisio and able to contain 5000 spectators as witness to the culture of the city. And yet, the market consists of numerous shops and, further on is found the ruins of the sanctuary dedicated to Demeter and Kore, the “House of the greeting”, the “House of Ganymede.”

The two furnaces, water pipes, is testimony of the wise evolution of urban hilly terrain and the remains of the dwellings in the outskirts of the city bear witness to the size of the community of Morgantina and degree of socio-economic development.

Mineral park Floristella – Valguarnera Caropepe

This is one of the most important industrial archaeological sites on a national scale. A special open-air museum where it was documented the production of sulfur maintained continuously from 1700 to 1980. The building of Floristella Pennisi, built as a seasonal residence of the owners of the mine, is the heart of the park and is considered the mining monument of the tradition of sulfur mines.

Mountain of March – Piazza Armerina

From the acropolis down, Mountain of March, offers the image of a large pre-Greek and Roman cities. The site, built on the ruins of an ancient indigenous village, interacted with all subsequent cultures until the Middle Ages through the creation of artisan factories, cemeteries and new settlements. The excavations have brought to light buildings and walls Greek, Roman and Byzantine. The massif is 700 meters high and is located north-west of Piazza Armerina, just a few kilometers from Masseria Bannata.

Archaeological area “Cozzo Matrice”– Pergusa (EN)

At 13 km from our farm, overlooking the hilly area north of Lake Pergusa returned traces of a fortified settlement of the VIII-VI century. B.C. (Late Copper Age), a necropolis with chamber tombs excavated in the rock, and a building located near archaic. Were also found numerous objects including funerary, now preserved at the Archaeological Museum of Enna.

Necropolis of Rossomanno  – Piazza Armerina

Found between Piazza Armerina and Valguarnera. The necropolis of Rossomanno, or more precisely of Rocca Crovacchio, goes back to some traces of an archaic village which has built above it the old medieval building of Rossomanno.

Byzantine Village – Calascibetta

A magical natural setting, a protected nature and edited by humans, evidence of Byzantine monasticism in stone, a cradle of Christianity in the heart of Sicily: This is the Byzantine village of Vallone Canalotto, located a few km from Calascibetta.
The town rock bears the marks engraved in the majestic sandstone cliffs, the presence of ancient inhabitants devoted to Christian worship, two oratorios are the clearest testimony. During the visit meets a first, large cave that testifies to the complete autonomy of coenobitic core, inside a millstone for the production of oil and wine, in the walls were dug countless niches for housing the tools used in the production process.
Along the way you will discover a sacred environment: an oratory, altogether consists of three caves, the first of which was reserved for worship and show in small niches walls for housing the lamps illuminating the cavern. Of great interest is the so-called colombarium, funerary architectural solution in use in the Roman Empire; niches in fact, housed the urns, for a long time erroneously considered “spices”, as it was felt that harbored vessels containing spices. Outside these environments a rectangular pool, probably used for conducting the rituals of baptism and in the background, the beautiful Valle del Morello with the eponymous lake.
Continuing the visit you come to the holy millstone to various tombs artificial cave (the prehistoric period), per room (greek-Archaic period), arcosolium and fossa (Roman period and late antiquity), still visible in their original architecture or transformed and adapted to various uses by local people over the centuries.
That the site was an ideal place to settle down and lead a prosperous life it was also included by the Arabs, which it gave proof of their technical skills in hydraulic engineering digging an underground tunnel “the qanat” from which the water flows in perpetual walls covered with maidenhair.
More than a hike, a visit to the archaeological site Canalotto Vallone is a sensory experience: the reassuring tranquility of these places is interrupted only by the croaking of frogs, the chirping of crickets and rustling leaves of the majestic oaks. A rich and varied vegetation adorns the valley of a thousand smells, especially for the presence of some varieties of herbs, even adoperate in local cuisine.